Jail is failing in terms of rehabilitation. it is in the interests of everybody in the community that repeat offending be radically reduced by transformational community programs which improve pathways for people as they leave prison, including through access to education, training, genuine work opportunities and by addressing homelessness. Sadly, under current arrangements, in every part of Australia, these critical community and support programs are not operating effectively, if at all. One Corrective Services Commissioner has confirmed that 70% of the prison population is functionally illiterate. Short-term prisoners (including those on remand) are mostly not eligible for any such programs in any event.